Hall of Fame

Ideas are central to scientific research, and ideas are transmitted from person to person. Who you know, the ideas you know about (and the ones you don’t) are very important, and play a significant part in autism research, as we shall see later. This page contains biographical summaries of significant figures in birth date order.

Kraepelin, Emil (1856-1926)
born: Neustrelitz, Germany
studied: medicine (Leipzig)
influences:Paul Fleschsig, Wilhelm Wundt, Wilhelm Heinrich Erb
died: Munich

Freud, Sigmund (1856-1939)
born: Příbor (now in the Czech Republic)
studied: medicine (Vienna)
influences: Theodor Meynert, Jean-Martin Charcot
died: London, UK

Bleuler, Eugen (1857-1939)
born: Niederweningen, Switzerland
studied: medicine (Zürich)
influences: Gottlieb Burckhardt, Jean-Martin Charcot, Bernhard von Gudden
died: Zollikon nr. Zürich, Switzerland

Binet, Alfred (1857-1911)
born: Nice, France
studied: law (Paris)
influences: Ilona Gheorghiesh, Symeon Vouteros and John Stuart Mill,
died: Zollikon nr. Zürich, Switzerland

Meyer, Adolf (1866 – 1950)
born: Zollikon nr. Zürich, Switzerland
studied: medicine (Zürich)
influences: Auguste Forel, Constantin von Monakow
career: Chicago, Kanakee, IL., Worcester, Mass., Johns Hopkins
died: Baltimore, USA

Adler, Alfred
(1870-1937)
born: nr. Vienna, (now Austria)
studied: medicine (Vienna)
influences: Sigmund Freud
died: Aberdeen, Scotland

Jung, Carl (1875-1961)
born: Kesswil, Switzerland
studied: medicine (Basel)
influences: Eugen Bleuler, Sigmund Freud
died: Zürich, Switzerland

Terman, Lewis (1877-1956)
born: Johnson County, Indiana, USA
studied: education (Indiana University)
influences:
died: Palo Alto, Ca. USA

Watson, John (1878 – 1958)
born: Travelers Rest, S Carolina, USA
studied: (Furman College, S Carolina)
influences: John Dewey
died: New York City, NY USA

Spitz, Rene (1887-1974)
born: Vienna, Austria
studied: medicine (Basel)
influences: Eugen Bleuler, Sigmund Freud
died: Denver, Co. USA.

Kanner, Leo (1894-1981)
born: nr. Brody (now Ukraine)
studied: medicine (Berlin)
influences: Adolf Meyer
career: Yankton, SD, Johns Hopkins
died: Sykesville, Md. USA

Piaget, Jean (1896-1980)
born: Neuchâtel, Switzerland
studied: Neuchâtel, Zürich
career:child development
influences: Alfred Binet
died: Geneva, Switzerland

Bettelheim, Bruno (1903 – 1990)
born: Vienna, Austria
studied: philosophy (Vienna)
career: Professor of psychology, University of Chicago
influences:
died: Silver Spring, MD, USA

Lorenz, Konrad (1903- 1989)
born: Vienna, Austria
studied: medicine (Vienna)
career:
influences:
died: Vienna, Austria

Bruch, Hilde (1904-1984)
born: Dülken, Germany
studied: medicine (Freiburg im Breisgau) and psychiatry (Johns Hopkins, Baltimore)
influences: Frieda Fromm-Reichmann, Harry Stack Sullivan,Theodore Lidz, Lawrence S. Kubie.
died: Houston, Texas, USA

Skinner, Burrhus Frederic (‘BF’) (1904-1990)
born: Susquehanna, Pa. USA
studied: English (Harvard)
influences: John Watson
died: Massachusetts, USA

Harlow, Harry (1905- 1981)
born: Fairfield, Iowa, US.
studied: Stanford, Ca.
career:
influences: Lewis Terman
died: Tucson, Arizona, US

Asperger, Hans
(1906-1980)
born: Vienna, Austria
studied: medicine (Vienna)
influences:
died: Vienna, Austria

Fenichel, Carl (1906-1975)
born:
studied:
career: Founded League Treatment Centre, Brooklyn, NY, 1953
influences:
died: Brooklyn, NY, USA

Bowlby, John (1907-1990)
born: London, UK.
studied: psychology, Cambridge, UK; medicine, University College, London; psychoanalysis, Maudsley hospital, London
career:
influences:
died: Skye, UK.

Tinbergen, Nikolaas (1907-1988)
born: Den Haag, Netherlands
studied: biology (Lieden)
career:
influences:
died: Oxford, UK.

Kuffler, Stephen (1913-1980)
born: Tap, Hungary
studied: medicine, Vienna
influences:
career: Chicago, Johns Hopkins, Woods Hole, Salk Institute
died: USA

Ainsworth, Mary (1913 – 1999)
born: Glendale, Ohio, USA.
studied: psychology (Toronto)
influences:
career:
died: Charlottesville, Va. USA

Anthony, Elwyn James (1916-
born:
studied:
career: psychoanalyst, child psychotherapist
influences: Jean Piaget

Eisenberg, Leon (1922-2009)
born: Philadelphia, USA
studied: medicine (Pennsylvania)
influences: Leo Kanner
career: Mt Sinai hosp., U of Penn, Walter Reed hosp., Sheppard Pratt hosp., Johns Hopkins
died: Cambridge, Mass. USA

Wiesel, Torsten (1924-
born: Uppsala, Sweden
studied: medicine (Karolinska Institute, Stockholm)
influences: Carl Gustaf Bernhard, Stephen Kuffler
career: Johns Hopkins, Harvard

Hubel, David (1926-
born: Windsor, Ontario, Canada
studied: mathematics & physics (McGill)
influences:
career: Johns Hopkins, Harvard

Schopler, Eric (1927-2006)
born: Fürth, Germany
studied: child psychology (Chicago)
influences:
career: University of N. Carolina, Chapel Hill; founded TEACCH programme
died: Mebane, N. Carolina

Wing, Lorna (1928-
born:
studied: medicine, psychiatry
influences:
career: Maudsley Hospital, London, UK;founder UK National Autistic Society, consultant psychiatrist, Elliot House, UK

Rimland, Bernard (1928-2006)
born: Cleveland, OH, USA
studied: psychology (San Diego, Penn State)
influences:
career: Autism Research Institute
died: San Diego, CA, USA

Rapin, Isabelle
born: Lausanne, Switzerland
studied: medicine (Lausanne)
influences:
career:professor of neurology and of pediatrics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University

Rutter, Sir Michael (1933-
born:
studied: medicine, neurology, paediatrics, psychiatry.
influences:
career: first consultant in child psychiatry in UK; Institute of Psychiatry, London, UK, consultant psychiatrist, Maudsley Hospital, UK.

Coleman, Mary
born:
studied:
influences:
career:

Kemper, Thomas
born:
studied: medicine (Illinois)
influences:
career:

Bauman, Margaret
born:
studied:
influences:
career: founder, The Autism Research Foundation, Autism Research Consortium

Gould, Judith
born:
studied: psychology
influences:
career: Maudsley Hospital, London, UK; director, NAS Lorna Wing Centre for Autism

Gillberg, Lars Christopher (1950-
born:
studied:
influences:
career: Professor child & adolescent psychiatry, Gothenburg, Sweden

Feinstein, Adam
born:
studied:
influences:
career: author ‘A History of Autism’; runs online Awares conference hosted by Autism Cymru

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